The first and the last Eclipse visible from entire India in year 2015 will occur on 4th April, 2015. This eclipse is a Total Lunar Eclipse. Across the world this eclipse will be visible in the region covering most part of Asia, North America, South America, Australia, Antarctica, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. This Eclipse is visible from entire India.
People in and around Tezu and Roing of Arunachal Pradesh, Port Blair, Dibrugarh, Imphal, Kohima Aizwal, Itanagar can see the moon totally immersed in the Earth’s dark shadow while for the rest of India this Eclipse will be visible partially i.e. close to the end of umbral phase when the moon’s disk leaves Earth’s darker shadow Depending on the location of an observer and the Moon Rise Time, the eclipse will be visible totally or mostly partial in the last ending phases of Eclipse. The next Lunar Eclipse for 2015 will occur on 8th Sept, 2015 but it will be visible from extreme western part of Gujarat& Rajasthan only and not entire India.
What is Lunar Eclipse: A Lunar Eclipse occurs when earth in course of its orbit around sun, comes between moon and sun such a way that moon his hidden in the shadow cast by earth. This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned in a straight line, Hence lunar eclipse occurs only when there is full moon.
What is Penumbra and Umbra: Earth’s shadow has two parts Penumbra (outer lighter part) and Umbra (darker part). All Lunar Eclipse begin with moon first entering penumbra at one end passing through umbral phase and ending with leaving the penumbra on other end. Generally only the Umbra phase is commonly considered as actual eclipse by general public to follow various rituals and traditions leaving Penumbra passage of moon. Whereas all Lunar eclipse begin and end with moon entering and leaving the penumbra (lighter outer shadow of earth).
Timings of Eclipse in Indian standard Time & Date: Eclipse in various phases begins at 2.30 p.m. and ends at 8.31 p.m. on 4th April 2015. The noticeable Umbral phase begins at 3.45 p.m. and ends at 7.15 p.m. wherein the Total Phase begins at 5.24 p.m. and ends at 5.37 p.m.
Though astronomically speaking Eclipse begins at 2.30 p.m. with moon entering the lighter shadow of the Earth. People can witness the darkening (or leaving) of Moon’s disk by the Earth’s shadow between 3.45 pm. to 7.15p.m. This is provided that the moon rises above the horizon from their location. Importantly the moon will be completely immersed in the dark shadow of earth from 5.24 pm. to 5.37 p.m. during Totality Phase.
Note: Moon rises at 6.09 pm. in Vishakhapatnam, at 6.20 p.m. in Vijayawada, at 6.29 p.m. in Hyderabad. Srinagar (6.53pm), Bhopal (6.36 p.m.), Kanyakumari (6.29pm), Kolkata (5.51pm.), Mumbai (6.54 p.m.), Ahmadabad (6.56pm).
Best places to see this Eclipse in India: North Eastern States, Port Blair and other places where Moon Rises early are best locations to observe this eclipse.
Watch Beginning of Total to End: Importantly in India people in Tezu (in Lohit District) and Roing (in Lower Dibang Valley district) of Arunachal Pradesh can witness the eclipse from beginning of Totality Phase to End i.e. People here can see Moon’s Disk is starting to being totally immersed in Earth Shadow till it leaving in the End.
Watch Total to End: Whereas People in around Port Blair, Dibrugarh, Imphal, Kohima Aizwal, Itanagar can see the Greatest phase when Moon Disk is already totally immersed in Earth Shadow till End when it leaves.
Whereas people in the rest of India would see this eclipse partially after the Total phase is over towards end of umbral phase i.e. when the moon is leaving Earth’s darker shadow.